1The Bechdel Test - A Measurement Of Women's Roles in Pop Culture
The original "test" (Photo Source)
The test: The character in the comic says she won't watch a movie unless:
1) It has at least 2 women in it.
2) They to talk to each other.
3) The subject matter is other than about a man.
Results: This test was meant as an underground joke, but has become a mainstream test that has been applied to movies, television, literature and more as a measurement of women's roles. When applied to the top-grossing movies of 2013, half failed. (Source)
2The “Mull of Kintyre” Test - Used to Censor Films
Tell that to Paul McCartney (Photo Source)
The test: If a man's penis is erect at an angle greater than the Mull of Kintyre, a peninsula in Scotland, it was deemed “obscene” and could not be shown.
Results: Although they never admitted specifically to the test, the BBFC stopped censoring based on anatomy in 2002. (Source 1 | Source 2)
3The “Moron in a Hurry” Test - A Standard Applied to Trademarks
Speaking of McCartney… (Photo Source)
The test: It was first used in a lawsuit by a British Socialist paper entitled the Morning Star that was trying to prevent another newspaper from using the name the Daily Star. The judge concluded that “only a moron in a hurry” would confuse the two papers.
Results: Its most famous use was in the case in which the Beatle's music company, known as Apple Corps, sued Apple Computer for infringement. (The Beatles' Apple lost.) (Source)
4Hafele–Keating - Experiment On An Airplane to Test Relativity
The test: The scientists took 2 pairs of atomic clocks on airplanes flying around the world first east and then west across the equator; these clocks were perfectly synced to two clocks left on Earth. The idea was to test time and the discrepancies that would occur according to Einstein's calculations.
Results: There's a lot of math involved, but the resulting speed-up going West and slow-down going East of the clocks (we're talking nanoseconds here) were consistent with Albert's predictions about special and general relativity. Or were they? (Source 1 | Source 2)
5The Mirror Test to Measure Animal Self-Awareness
Who is that handsome devil? (Photo Source)
The test: Two male and two female chimpanzees were placed in separate rooms and they were exposed to a full-length mirror over 80 days to see how they interacted with it.
Results: The chimpanzees initially felt threatened by the images, but gradually began to make faces and groom themselves. Other species that have passed include: bottlenose dolphin, killer whale, and Asian elephants. Failures include dogs and rhesus monkeys. (Source)
6The Strange Situation Test - Given to Infants
The test: In a series of episodes, a mother and her infant interact with a stranger, who first talks with the mother and then offers the infant a toy. At one point the mother leaves the room, leaving the infant with a stranger.
Results: Children are then classified according to their responses during the test as “secure,” “anxious-avoidant,” “anxious-ambivalent,” and ”disorganized-insecure.” This is thought to give insight into the child's future behavior as well as their home environment. (Source 1 | Source 2 | Photo)
7The Wada Test - Given to Brain Surgery Patients on Drugs
The Wada test in action (Photo Source)
The test: While still awake, the patient has barbiturates injected into each hemisphere of the brain and is shown a series of pictures; afterward, the patient is asked to recall what they saw.
Results: This test is used by surgeons to determine where the patient's memory and speech functions are located. Doctors can then ascertain the proper surgical method as well as the possible level of post-operative cognitive damage. The test itself does have unusual side effects, such as shivering, impulsive behavior. Some patients temporarily lose the ability to talk, yet are still able to sing. (Source)
8Test To Determine if Universe is a Simulation
The test: As suggested in a paper by a team of researchers at the University of Bonn in Germany, a simulated universe would have built-in limitations of all its components which which would become evident upon mathematical analysis.
Results: The Greisen-Zatsepin-Kuzmin (GZK) cut off seems to be a limitation that cosmic ray particles have. This appears to be what you would expect if we were living in a giant video game. (Source 1 | Source 2)
9The Prayer Test - Measuring the Impact of Prayer on Surgery
The test: Three sets of Christian groups prayed for specific patients who were having heart surgery. Some patients knew they were being prayed for, some were told it was a possibility, and a third group weren't prayed for but were also told it was a possibility. In total, 1800 patients were studied.
Results: Prayer was generally shown to have no effect on aiding recovery of the patients; however, 59% of the patients who knew they were being prayed for and 52% of those that were told it was possible developed a complication. (Source)
10The Transcendental Meditation Test - Does it Reduce Crime?
Crime crime go away, come on back some other day...
The test: From June 7-July 30 1993 in Washington D.C., approximately 4000 people engaged in group TM.
Results: It was shown that TM decreased crime in the area by 1%. This is also known as the “Maharishi Effect” as it was the predicted outcome by Maharishi Mahesh Yogi in 1960. Subsequent tests and peer-review have supported the hypothesis. (Source 1 | Source 2 | Source 3)