1The Anti-Alcoholism Pill that Cuts Back Drinking by 61%
While current drugs help patients become teetotalers, this pill helps people with drinking problems cut back on the *amount* they drink. The drug works by modulating the reward mechanism in the brain.
A clinical trial of the drug helped patients cut the amount they consumed from 12.75 units a day to five units a day - a 61% reduction. Also, patients who underwent counselling as well as taking the drug reduced their "heavy drinking days" from 23 days a month to nine days a month after undergoing the treatment for six months, researchers said. (Source)
2The Birth Control Pill for Men
Scientists from Israel to Mexico to Texas are racing against each other to become the first to deliver a birth control pill that gives men the power to decide. While many men might be reluctant to take out the trash or ask for directions if they are lost, recent studies have shown that about 70 percent of men would be willing to take a birth control pill if it were available.
Mexican scientists from the UNAM University say they have discovered two proteins that are unique to sperm cells called CatSper and Slo3. These proteins essentially give sperm the energy they need to navigate a woman's ovaries and fertilize her eggs. The scientists are now trying to develop a molecule that can disable CatSper and Slo3, thus depriving sperm cells of the mojo they need to do their jobs.
At the same time, Texan researchers working on mice found that a compound called JQ1 acts as an inhibitor to sperm production and also sperm mobility. "Both of these are needed for fertility, but JQ1 prevents both," Li says of the findings. Though the mice were given injections, the team believes that a pill could eventually be developed for the same results.
In addition, back in 2010 it was reported that an Israeli professor created a new pill, called Bright Pill, that similarly jammed the biochemical machinery of sperm. (Source 1 | Source 2 | Source 3)
3The Digital Pill that Monitors your Health
Created by Proteus Digital Health, a small company in Redwood City, CA, they do not need a battery. Instead, the body is their power source. Just as a potato can power a light bulb, Proteus has added magnesium and copper on each side of its tiny sensor, which generates just enough electricity from stomach acids.
As a Proteus pill hits the bottom of the stomach, it sends information to a cellphone app through a patch worn on the body. The tiny computer can track medication-taking behaviors — “Did Grandma take her pills today, and at what time?” — and monitor how a patient's body is responding to medicine. It also detects the person's movements and rest patterns. (Source)
4The Password Pill that Authenticates You
Users would take a daily pill, activated by stomach acid, that would send out an 18-bit, ECG-like signal. "Essentially, your entire body becomes your authentication token," explained Regina Dugan, senior vice president of Motorola's Advanced Technology & Projects.
The product has been tested, and successfully authenticated a smartphone. However, although the capsule works well and has been approved by the FDA, they don't plan to ship anytime soon. (Source)
5The Birth Control Pill for Dogs
Along with SenesTech, a biotech company that specializes in "humane animal population management," Arizona scientist Dr. Loretta Mayer has been developing the contraceptive for some years now, and expects it to take at least until 2017 for Chemspay to gain FDA approval for distribution in the United States. (Source)
6The Pill that Can Get you Drunk without Drinking
He reports having tested his technique on liquor "containing as much as 96% alcohol content," notes MyFoxSpokane. Moskalev claims to be able to create an alcohol pill from just about any boozy beverage, including whiskey, cognac, beer, and wine. While it's not in production, the good Doc has proved his point! (Source)
7The Bug Repellent Pill
Recently approved by Health Canada, but also available in the US online, it's "great" for anyone who wants to enjoy the outdoors without being annoyed by mosquitoes, according to its creators. Mozi-Q works within 30 minutes, has no side effects, and repels mosquitoes and other bugs in a way that enables people to take back the outdoors.
8The Gold Pill That Makes You Poop Glitter