1Packaging the Umbilical Cord Inside a Wooden Box (Japan)
Hospitals in Japan package the cords inside wooden boxes and present them to mothers upon their departure from the hospital. Inside the box there is sometimes a small doll representing a sleeping baby wearing a kimono. The kimono can be unfolded and the umbilical cord placed inside. It is believed that preserving the umbilical cord in this way ensures a positive relationship between the child and the mother.
One week after the child is born, the new parents and close relatives will hold a baby naming ceremony, the Oshichiya , in which the child receives his/her official name in front of the Butsudan (home Buddhist altar). (Source)
2Outdoor Napping for Babies (Denmark and Sweden)
Danish and Swedish infants spend the day asleep outside on a balcony or the sidewalk, while their mothers and fathers step into stores or cafes to enjoy some free time. Also, most daycare centers in Sweden put children outside to rest, despite the low temperatures (-5C / 23F).
The theory behind outdoor napping is that children exposed to fresh air, whether in the summer or the depths of winter, are less likely to catch colds. Parents believe that spending a whole day in one room with 30 other children does them no good at all.
The Danish National Board of Health also recommends the practice. Some companies even make baby alarms that alert parents when their babies wake so they can go outside and retrieve them. (Source 1 | Source 2)
3Every Newborn Gets a "Maternity Package" from the Government (Finland)
For 75 years, Finland's expectant mothers have been given a box by the state. It's a starter kit of clothes, sheets, and toys that can even be used as a bed.
Mothers have a choice between taking the box or a cash grant, which is currently set at 140 euros (US$190), but 95% opt for the box as it's worth much more.
Originally created for families on a low income, the maternity package became available to all parents in 1949. Since then, it's been a staple of new parenthood and a sign that no matter what their background, all Finnish babies will get an equal start to life. (Source)
4Place the Baby in a Large Sieve and Shake It to Help the Newborn Get Accustomed to the Vagaries of Life (Egypt)
According to tradition, the mom places the baby –clothed in a white robe–in a large sieve and gently shakes it to help the newborn become accustomed to the vagaries of life. Next, the infant is laid on a blanket on the floor with a knife placed along his chest to ward off evil spirits, while the guests scatter grains, gold, and gifts around him. All are symbols of the plentiful abundance wished on the child. The mother side-steps seven times over the baby's body, again to ward off evil spirits, while incantations are chanted by the attendants for the child to listen to what his mother says and always obey her.
A procession of lights and incense follows, with the new mother leading the the way. Singing children and guests follow bearing candles and incense to bless the house and its occupants.
In Sebooh, the child's name can be chosen by lighting several candles, each of which is assigned a different name for the baby, at the onset of the ceremony. The candle which burns the longest will indicate the child's name. (Source 1 | Source 2)
5Place a Baby on the Floor Surrounded by Symbolic Items in Order to Know His/Her Future (Armenia)
Whatever item the child picks up and plays with would symbolize his/her future. For example, if a boy chooses a tape measure, then it means that he'll be an architect or an engineer. Of course, only time will tell.
(Source 1 | Source 2)
6The Baby's Parents Give Out Red-Dyed Eggs as a Symbol of Happiness and the Renewal of Life (China)
On the morning of the baby's 30th day, relatives and friends gather to give their blessings and gifts to the new baby. The baby's parents also give presents to their relatives and friends. The types of gifts vary from place to place, but eggs dyed red are usually the most popular gift, probably because in Chinese culture eggs are a symbol of the changing process of life. Their round shape is the symbol of a harmonious and happy life, while the red color is a sign of happiness.
During the celebration, relatives and friends also give gifts. Grandparents usually give their grandchild gold or silverware to show their deep love. Of course, parents and the newborn receive modern gifts too, such as baby clothes, toys, books, and gift vouchers, but the most common is money wrapped in a piece of red paper. In other words, it's like a Western baby shower, but it's celebrated a month later! (Source 1 | Source 2)
7The Afterbirth and Cord are Buried in a Special Location and a Tree is Planted on that Spot (Jamaica)
According to Jamaican tradition, after the mother gives birth, the afterbirth and cord are buried in a special location and a tree is planted on that spot. The tree is provided by parents, godparents, or other relatives and friends. The tree is a pedagogical tool which teaches the child to take responsibility in life, since it is used to show the child that this the beginning of his life and he must take care of it.
This tradition comes from a Jamaican expression that says, "Home is where your navel string is buried," symbolizing a spiritual attachment to the place from which every human being came. (Source)
8Babies' Feet Cannot Touch the Ground Since Newborns are Considered Divinities from Heaven (Bali)
9Put Money in the Baby's Hand in Order to Bring Prosperity to the Newborn (Trinidad and Tobago)
Another custom from this country is that some parents do not allow people to come into their house after 6pm, since it is believed the evening dew will make the baby sick. (Source)
10Twenty or More Assigned Names for a Child (Nigeria)
A name is then chosen for the baby. Apart from the family name, the child is given several other names. One of the names describes the circumstances surrounding the birth. For instance, the name Idowu means "child born after twins." Another example would be if an elderly woman in a certain community died just before the birth of a baby girl, in which case the girl would be called Yetunde, or "the mother has come back."
The parents often have a pet name that indicates what they hope for their child, such as Ayoke, meaning "one who is blessed," or Titilayo, meaning "an eternal happiness."
Then the parents announce the baby name and the relatives are invited to add extra names if they wish. Before they say the names, they are asked to place a token (a monetary contribution) in a basket for the child. After everyone has had a chance to give the child a name, the monetary tokens are collected and handed to the parent to open an account for the child, and the child may end with twenty or more names!
The ceremony closes with prayers, and then the meal begins. (Source)
11The Mother Prepares Souvenirs for Each Person Who Comes to Visit the Baby (Brazil)
12Hot Stone Massages and Full-Body Exfoliation Treatment to Chase Away Postpartum Body Changes (Malaysia)
After delivering her baby, a new Malay mother undergoes a pantang, or confinement period lasting about 44 days, which is designed to preserve the health and femininity of the mother. She then receives hot stone massages to cleanse the womb and a full-body exfoliation treatment said to smooth, soften, and lighten the skin, chasing away postpartum body changes.
New moms are not allowed to lift heavy things or do anything apart from nursing the baby. All of the house chores fall to the husband, relatives who volunteer, or hired helper. (Source)